Question and answer ontology

IRI:
http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/
See also:
Turtle
Github
Visualised

Table of Content

  1. Classes
  2. Object Properties
  3. Data Properties
  4. Namespace Declarations

Classes

AllocatedAnsweringBodyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/AllocatedAnsweringBody

The answering body to which a question is directed, either at tabling or when asked in the House. Note that the allocated answering body can change over time, as answering bodies may transfer responsibility to another answering body. So allocated answering bodies are time bound. This would use startAt and endAt properties from the Core ontology.
is in domain of
allocatedToop
is in range of
allocationop, transferredFromop, transferredToop

Answerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/Answer

An answer to a question provided by a Member, usually a Minister, on behalf of an answering body.
has super-classes
PursuableThingc
is in domain of
answerTextop, answerToop, answeringBodyop, answeringMemberop, delegatedAnswerop, hasAnswerTypeop, isAnswerOraldp, refersToDocumentop, refersToLibraryDepositop, refersToPreviousAnswerop, replacesAnswerop
is in range of
refersToPreviousAnswerop, replacesAnswerop

AnswerExpectedAsc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/AnswerExpectedAs

A time-bound means of defining the form of answer (oral or written) expected for a question. Sometimes a question in pursuit of an oral answer will be scheduled to be asked in the Chamber, but the Member intending to ask the question will be unable to attend the Chamber at that time. At this point the Member may either withdraw the question or unstar it (remove it from the schedule), meaning the question will receive a written answer. Sometimes a question may be scheduled in the Chamber but may not be reached because the allocated time runs out. Unless the Member subsequently indicates that they wish to withdraw the question, a written answer will be given. In either scenario, such questions would have two Answer Expected As relationships: one for the initial period when the form of answer expected is oral and one for the second period when the form of answer expected is written. Note that the rules regarding unstarred and unreached questions only apply in the House of Commons. In oral question time in the House of Lords, a Member may ask a question on behalf of another Member.
is in domain of
isOralAnswerExpecteddp, oralUnreachedAtdp, unstarredAtdp
is in range of
answerExpectedAsop

AnsweringBodyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/AnsweringBody

A body of whom Members can ask questions. In the House of Commons this may be a government department but sometimes other bodies either Parliamentary or external to Parliament e.g. House of Commons Commission, Church Commissioners. In the House of Lords, questions are addressed to Her Majesty's Government rather than to a specific department or body. For written and private notice questions in the House of Lords, data exists to map questions to specific answering bodies; for oral questions it doesn't.
is in range of
allocatedToop, answeringBodyop

AnswerTypec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/AnswerType

The type of a given answer e.g. holding answer, substantive answer or substantive answer as corrected. If a question is asked toward the end of a session, and Parliament is prorogued before it can be answered, a prorogation answer may be provided. The answer will state that there was not time to answer the question before prorogation.
is in range of
hasAnswerTypeop

ArmsLengthBodyc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/ArmsLengthBody

An organisation operating at arm's length from the government e.g. UK Statistics Authority.
is in range of
delegatedToop

BusinessQuestionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/BusinessQuestion

Business questions allow Members to ask the Leader of the House about forthcoming business in the House of Commons. Unlike tabled parliamentary questions, the text of a business question will be spoken in the Chamber. The answer will also always be oral.
has super-classes
Questionc

DelegatedAnswerc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/DelegatedAnswer

Part of a written answer provided by an arm's length body rather than an answering body e.g. a government department might ask the UK Statistics Authority to provide part or all of a written answer.
is in domain of
delegatedToop
is in range of
delegatedAnswerop

Documentc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/Document

A document.
is in range of
refersToDocumentop

LibraryDepositc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/LibraryDeposit

A paper or set of papers placed by a Minister, or the Speaker, or the Lord Speaker, in the Library of either House. Usually deposits are made into both Libraries but sometimes only one.
is in range of
refersToLibraryDepositop

Memberc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/Member

A current or former Member of a House.
is in domain of
asksop
is in range of
answeringMemberop

ParliamentaryQuestionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/ParliamentaryQuestion

Parliamentary questions (often referred to as PQs) allow Members to seek information from an answering body or to press a Secretary of State to take a particular action. Usually this is to a Minister in a government department but sometimes questions can be asked of non-departmental bodies. e.g. Church Commissioners. Parliamentary questions can be asked in expectation of either a written or an oral answer (one spoken by a Member in the Chamber). Unlike urgent and private notice questions, which are applied for to the Speaker or Lord Speaker privately, parliamentary questions are tabled with the Lords or Commons Table Offices.
has super-classes
Questionc
is in domain of
dateForAnswerdp, isDateForAnswerNameddp, isQuestionSubstantivedp

PursuableThingc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/PursuableThing

A piece of parliamentary business cited in a question. The question is asked as a follow up to the pursuable thing e.g. in pursuant to a written or oral answer, a ministerial statement.
has sub-classes
Answerc
is in range of
inPursuantToop

Questionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/Question

Questions might be parliamentary questions (oral or written), urgent (or private notice) questions or business questions, asked by a Member of a House of an answering body or bodies. Note that the same question text adressed to multiple answering bodies, tabled by the same Member on the same day, count as one question.
has sub-classes
BusinessQuestionc, ParliamentaryQuestionc, UrgentQuestionc
is in domain of
allocationop, answerExpectedAsop, headingop, inPursuantToop, partOfRoundRobinop, questionTextop
is in range of
answerToop, asksop

RoundRobinc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/RoundRobin

The round robin class provides a way to group two or more very similar questions asked of multiple answering bodies by a single Member. Sometimes round robins are used as a way for a Member to intentionally ask the same question of multiple answering bodies. Occasionally they're used where departmental responsibility for a given policy area is not clearly defined. Note that the definition of a round robin is fuzzy; the question text might vary slightly. Identifying round robins is a judgement call.
is in range of
partOfRoundRobinop

Transferralc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/Transferral

The act of one answering body transferring responsibility for answering a question to another answering body.
is in domain of
transferredFromop, transferredToop

UrgentQuestionc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/UrgentQuestion

Urgent questions allow Members of the House of Commons to ask a Minister about matters of an urgent character and relating to matters of public importance. In the House of Lords, such questions are referred to as private notice questions. Unlike parliamentary questions, the text of an urgent question or a private notice question does not appear on the schedule; it will be read in the Chamber. The answer will also always be oral. Urgent questions and private notice questions are not tabled with the Lords or Commons Table Offices; they are applied for to the Speaker or the Lord Speaker privately.
has super-classes
Questionc

Object Properties

allocatedToop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/allocatedTo

Allows an allocation at a point in time to an answering body.

allocationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/allocation

Allows a question to be assigned to an answering body. In theory, allocation allows a single question to be assigned to multiple answering bodies. Note that this would be a major change from existing practice where the same question, when asked of different answering bodies, is considered to be a set of different questions. A question intended for multiple answering bodies is sometimes referred to as a round robin question. Because round robins are loosely defined and because the question text might vary slightly (e.g. when referring to the gender of the answering member), treating a round robin as a single question is not yet possible.
has domain
Questionc
has range
AllocatedAnsweringBodyc

answerExpectedAsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/answerExpectedAs

Relates a question to a time-bound means of capturing the format of the answer expected (either oral or written).
has domain
Questionc
has range
AnswerExpectedAsc

answeringBodyop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/answeringBody

Relates an answer to the answering body that provided it. A single answer can only be provided by one answering body.
has domain
Answerc
has range
AnsweringBodyc

answeringMemberop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/answeringMember

Relates an answer to the Member who provided it. In practice this will usually be a Minister in a government department or a person occupying a government position in a non-departmental answering body.
has domain
Answerc
has range
Memberc

answerTextop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/answerText

Relates an answer to the actual text of the answer as supplied by the answering body.
has range
lang stringc
is also defined as
data property

answerToop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/answerTo

Allows an answer to be associated with one or more questions. This replicates more precisely the current functionality around grouped questions. In other words, a group of questions tabled by a single Member in receipt of the same answer. There is some debate as to whether the same text given in answer to questions from multiple Members can be considered one, or the same, answer. This also allows a single question to have many answers. Sometimes there will be multiple answers from a single answering body at different points in time (holding answer, substantive answer, corrected substantive answer). Sometimes different answers from different answering bodies to the same question e.g. answers to a round robin question. Note that this is a major change to current data models, where a single question can have one and only one answer, and a single answer can be to one and only one question.
has domain
Answerc
has range
Questionc

asksop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/asks

Relates a Member to a question they have asked. Note that in the House of Lords the Member who tabled the question may on occasion delegate another Member to be present in the Chamber to receive the answer. Note also that whilst parliamentary questions have to be tabled with the Lords or Commons Table Offices, urgent and private notice questions are applied for to the Speaker or Lord Speaker privately.
has domain
Memberc
has range
Questionc

delegatedAnswerop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/delegatedAnswer

Relates an answer to a delegated answer provided by an arm's length body. The delegated answer may provide part or all of the full answer.
has domain
Answerc
has range
DelegatedAnswerc

delegatedToop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/delegatedTo

Relates a delegated answer to the arm's length body that provided it.
has domain
DelegatedAnswerc
has range
ArmsLengthBodyc

hasAnswerTypeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/hasAnswerType

Relates an answer to its type i.e. a holding answer, substantive answer or corrected substantive answer.
has domain
Answerc
has range
AnswerTypec

headingop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/heading

Relates a question to its heading text. For a written parliamentary question this is supplied by the Indexing and Data Management Section in the House of Commons Library. For oral parliamentary questions, the headings are supplied by Lords or Commons Hansard.
has range
lang stringc
is also defined as
data property

inPursuantToop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/inPursuantTo

Relates a question to a piece of parliamentary business cited by the question.
has domain
Questionc
has range
PursuableThingc

partOfRoundRobinop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/partOfRoundRobin

Relates a question to the round robin grouping it is deemed to be part of.
has domain
Questionc
has range
RoundRobinc

questionTextop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/questionText

Relates a question to the actual text of the question as asked by the Member.
has range
lang stringc
is also defined as
data property

refersToDocumentop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/refersToDocument

Relates a written answer to a document provided by the answering body. This may be provided as an attachment to the answer text. The document might form part or all of the answer.
has domain
Answerc
has range
Documentc

refersToLibraryDepositop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/refersToLibraryDeposit

Relates an answer to a Library deposit i.e. the answer to a question may include a commitment to deposit papers in the Libraries of either House.
has domain
Answerc
has range
LibraryDepositc

refersToPreviousAnswerop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/refersToPreviousAnswer

Relates an answer to a previous answer that answers the question in whole or in part e.g. 'I refer the honourable X to the answer given...'
has domain
Answerc
has range
Answerc

replacesAnswerop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/replacesAnswer

Relates an answer to a subsequent answer given to the same question e.g. a holding answer to a substantive answer, or a substantive answer to a corrected answer, a corrected answer to a further corrected answer. Substantive answers replace holding answers in whole, whereas corrected answers may replace a previous answer in whole or in part.
has domain
Answerc
has range
Answerc

transferredFromop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/transferredFrom

Allows a transferral to specify the answering body to which the question was formerly allocated.

transferredToop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/transferredTo

Allows a transferral to specify the answering body to which the question is subsequently allocated.

Data Properties

answerTextop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/answerText

Relates an answer to the actual text of the answer as supplied by the answering body.
has domain
Answerc
is also defined as
object property

dateForAnswerdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/dateForAnswer

Relates a Parliamentary Question to a date for answer. For an ordinary written question this is expected to be within 7 days of tabling. If the Member requests an earlier answer they must raise it as a named day question. See isDateForAnswerNamed.
has domain
ParliamentaryQuestionc
has range
date

headingop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/heading

Relates a question to its heading text. For a written parliamentary question this is supplied by the Indexing and Data Management Section in the House of Commons Library. For oral parliamentary questions, the headings are supplied by Lords or Commons Hansard.
has domain
Questionc
is also defined as
object property

isAnswerOraldp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/isAnswerOral

Determines if the answer is given orally in the Chamber. If true the answer is oral. If false the answer is written. The distinction only applies to answers to parliamentary questions. All other answers are always oral.
has domain
Answerc
has range
boolean

isDateForAnswerNameddp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/isDateForAnswerNamed

Determines if the Member tabling a written parliamentary question has requested that it be answered by a named day. Note that named day questions can only be tabled in the House of Commons. Most written questions are ordinary and the value here is false. By convention a Member can expect such questions to be answered within 7 days of tabling. Named day questions are used to elicit a faster response.
has domain
ParliamentaryQuestionc
has range
boolean

isOralAnswerExpecteddp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/isOralAnswerExpected

True if the answer expected (at that period in time) is oral. False if the answer expected (at that period in time) is written.
has domain
AnswerExpectedAsc
has range
boolean

isQuestionSubstantivedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/isQuestionSubstantive

Determines if a question is substantive. If true the question text will be meaningful and constitute the actual question that the Member wished to ask. If false the question text will be boilerplate text asking about a government department or the Prime Minister's appointments (respectively topical questions and Prime Minister's questions in the House of Commons). This will be answered in the Chamber, after which the asking Member will ask a supplementary question. This is a device to enable Members to ask supplementary questions on any topical subject without notice. It only applies to parliamentary questions expecting an oral answer and only applies in the House of Commons. The process for topical questions in the House of Lords differs slightly from that in the House of Commons, in that all questions tabled are substantive. Here topical refers to the shorter notice period allowed when tabling a question.
has domain
ParliamentaryQuestionc
has range
boolean

oralUnreachedAtdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/oralUnreachedAt

Not all questions scheduled for answer during oral question time are reached during the allocated time. Unless the Member subsequently indicates that they wish to withdraw the question, a written answer will be given to the question. This property records the point in time at which this happens. The oral unreached at property should only ever hang off an Answer Expected As class when the answer expected is oral, because this item on the schedule has not been reached.
has domain
AnswerExpectedAsc
has range
date time

questionTextop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/questionText

Relates a question to the actual text of the question as asked by the Member.
has domain
Questionc
is also defined as
object property

unstarredAtdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/unstarredAt

The point in time at which a Member who has tabled a question for oral question time declares they are unable to attend the Chamber and would like a written answer to their question. The question is removed from the schedule. The unstarred at property should only ever hang off an Answer Expected As class when the answer expected is oral, because this item on the schedule has been unstarred.
has domain
AnswerExpectedAsc
has range
date time

Namespace Declarations back to ToC

default namespace
http://parliament.uk/ontologies/question-and-answer/
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
terms
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#

This HTML document was obtained by processing the OWL ontology source code through LODE, Live OWL Documentation Environment, developed by Silvio Peroni.